Since its launch in 1987, the Erasmus Programme gave to millions of people the opportunity to study, work, or volunteer abroad. It is one of EU’s most successful efforts to promote the internalization and the modernization of schools. Moreover, it made possible to introduce new teaching strategies, to develop innovative teaching tools, to meet people from different nationalities and cultures whilst practicing a foreign language. The program is available for teachers, interns and administrative, technical and auxiliary staff; but especially for students coming from all types and levels schools. Looking at the data, it seems that the EU managed to reach its goal: to generate enthusiasm for Europe. In fact, 83% of Erasmus students feel more European after their experience abroad.
Erasmus+ characteristics and structure
The Erasmus+ Programme 2021-2027 has three general objectives: – To promote people’s individual mobility for learning, cooperation, inclusion, excellence, creativity. The program also encourages innovation for organizations and the development of new policies in the field of education and training; – To promote non-formal learning mobility and active participation of young people and youth organizations; – To promote learning mobility for coaches and sports staff.
The Programme’s objectives will be pursued through three specific actions: – ACTION 1: individual mobility for students and school staff; – ACTION 2: enhance cooperation through the creation of European partnerships among youth actors to encourage the exchange of practices and implementation of innovation in the educational sector; – ACTION 3: support cooperation for the development of educational policies.
These areas will be based on key principles namely cooperation, quality, creativity and innovation. Furthermore, inclusivity and digital transition will be the Erasmus+ 2021-2027 key points. The Programme will offer to students the access to higher education and vocational training, adult education, non-formal learning, youth activities and active participation. The participation of small-sized enterprises, people with disabilities and migrants, and UE citizens living in remote areas will be easier. Programme’s inclusivity is even stronger thanks to virtual learning provisions and especially to important measures as language support, preparatory visits, and training and virtual cooperation for people unable to participate to physical mobility.
The main news of Erasmus+ are the followings:
- To increase the number of beneficiaries of mobility initiatives realized abroad;
- Innovation in the educational field, promoting innovation in curriculum design, learning and teaching practices, with particular attention to green and digital competences;
- To strengthen relations with the rest of the world adopting a more flexible mobility with third countries, making the program more international and inclusive;
- To simplify access to fundings and make the programme more accessible, widening it also to smaller organizations (participants will be able to create small-scale partnerships and shorter projects with lower amounts of money and simpler administrative requirements;
- Erasmus accreditation for school sector supporting pupils and school staff international mobility, which will be part of the new key action 1 of the programme;
- Support to new flagship initiatives introduced by the previous programming period, such as European universities, Teacher Accademies Erasmus and Centres of Professional Excellence.
In order to reach the European Education Area by 2025, the programme will mobilize all sectors to recover from the crisis caused by the pandemic and to promote growth. To make these goals a reality, a budget of over 26 billion euros has been approved. Thanks to this budget, 12 million of people (three times the current number) will be able to take part to the programme. 83% of the total budget will be allocated to activities in the field of education and training, 10,3% to actions in youth sector and 1,9% to sport activities.